The Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS II)

Funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), CJ-DATS II is a five-year collaborative research project involving ten research centers from across the country to develop organizational or systems-wide changes relating to substance abuse treatment interventions for those involved with the criminal justice system.

Funding: National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

Partners: Arizona Administrative Office of the Courts (AOC), Adult Probation Services Division and Juvenile Justice Services Division; Arizona Department of Corrections (ADC); Arizona Department of Juvenile Corrections (ADJC); and several community providers.

Program Description: The attempts to put into clinical settings evidence-based treatment and evidence supported practices of the past decade have highlighted the critical need for understanding the organizational processes by which service systems and agencies and their professionals come to adopt and then implement treatment practices that have been proven to be efficacious.  Arizona State University serves as one of ten (10) research centers, funded by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse, participating in a five-year research cooperative known as Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies, II (CJ-DATS II). The purpose of the CJ-DATS II initiative is to conduct research on the implementation of evidence supported approaches to treating substance use disorders among convicted offenders supervised by correctional entities, including problem-solving or specialty courts, prisons, jails, and community corrections such as probation and parole and community centers. Three randomized trials are being conducted under the auspices of CJ-DATS II and are being implemented in the state of Arizona.

The first study seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of externally-facilitated local interagency change teams to identify and implement improvements in the assessment-case planning-substance abuse treatment referral and service provision processes operated by county-operated probation departments and community based substance abuse treatment agencies. In Arizona, the collaborating partners for this study include Yavapai Adult Probation, in collaboration with Verde Valley Guidance Center and West Yavapai Guidance Clinic; Maricopa County Adult Probation, in collaboration with Sage Counseling, Desert Winds and Positive Change; and, Pinal County Juvenile Probation, in collaboration with Mountain Health and Wellness.   Currently, the Assessment Study is in implementation in Yavapai County, with implementation slated to begin in Maricopa and Pinal Counties in September, 2011.    

The second study seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of local interagency Pharmacotherapy Exchange Councils (PEC) to bring about greater utilization of Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) in treating offenders with substance use disorders. MAT is defined as the utilization of prescribed medications, in conjunction with traditional psychosocial treatment and psychotherapy, to assist individuals achieve a state of sobriety and recovery from drug and alcohol abuse.  In Arizona, the collaborating partners for this study include Pima County Drug Court, in collaboration with Compass Health Care; Maricopa County DUI Court, in collaboration with Court Support Services; and, the Yavapai County Therapeutic Court, in conjunction with Verde Valley Guidance Clinic and West Yavapai Guidance Clinic.  The MAT study is currently in baseline data collection, with implementation slated for July, 2011. 

The third study seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of the NIATx model of process improvement to strengthen the continuum of care for offenders at risk of, or infected with the HIV virus. In Arizona, the collaborating partners for this study include Maricopa County Correctional Health Services and Pinal County Correctional Health Services.  Baseline data collection is slated to begin in July 2011, with implementation scheduled for September 2011.  

CABHP's Role: The Arizona Network for the Study of Implementation Effectiveness is led by Co-Principal Investigators CABHP Director Michael S. Shafer and Maricopa County Probation Chief Barbara Broderick. Arizona State University faculty working on this project include Drs. Cassia Spohn and David Duffee. The Arizona branch and the other research centers will examine the implementation of substance abuse treatment programs in criminal justice settings. The research will center around three primary protocols: psychosocial or pharmacological interventions, screening and assessment, and an HIV continuum of care. CABHP staff will serve in a variety of capacities on these protocols including providing training in evidence-based treatment interventions, evaluation of qualitative and quantitative data pertaining to organizational networks, and the analysis of the effectiveness of various implementation strategies.

Principal Investigators: Michael Shafer (Co-Principal Investigator); Barbara Broderick (Co-Principal Investigator).

Project Managers: Michael Shafer, Ph.D. and Barbara Broderick

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